He showed me a Bordalo Pinheiro pottery piece that I had trouble recognizing because of its simplicity. At the end of our conversation he mentioned that his Portuguese accent always came back when he was in Portugal. I thought this significant because it seemed essential for understanding the layers of his identity, and I considered this phenomenon to possibly be a general representation of identity unfolding, an archetype.
Identity as a superimposition of life experiences and elements not immediately connected to any one experience, held within deeper layers that are either more or less latent, more or less active.
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More or less hidden layers that gradually emerge or are submerged during a lifetime and are constituted by inherited traits from previous generations. Those layers constitute the individual and are unconsciously articulated through his daily experience. That articulation happens more or less intensely, more or less openly, even though it takes a great effort to identify their origins and outlines. In the course of my conversation with the German, this seemed to be a new important element towards understanding the Brazilian context of syncretism and the fusion of cultures and meanings.
The marks left by a violent gesture can re-spawn inside. Those marks somehow prevail beyond their temporary visibility. They prevail out of view, becoming manifest through unpredictable eruptions. An artistic practice can serve to channel that mysterious inner violence. He stops short of taking a tough stance, and ends the sentence with a slight smile that subtly turns into laughter.
Nods his head to emphasise the weightiness of the subject and continues to stare at me with glazed eyes. A self-assurance that was not exactly presence of mind; it was as if that figure were animated by something in fact almost inanimate. I nodded and opened my eyes wider to indicate my curiosity. His voice had a cautious tone to it that revealed a certain fascination for the subject of the war and at the same time a certain apprehension about taking a wrong step.
Dieter put his right hand into the small bag he carried over his shoulder and took out a few papers. These were photographs and documents.
He showed me a picture of his grandfather wearing the Wehrmacht uniform. Dark background, a bust-shot, staring into the camera with the body in profile. He stares into the camera like someone staring at the viewer, directly into the eyes with just the right artificial smile for the circumstances. It was a small pocket print. An incredible man! He drew out another document from the little shoulder bag, impossible for me to read since it was written in German, with a print of the same image stapled to a document.
Some have even learned a modified sign language. A chimpanzee named Washoe demonstrated discretenessby combining multiple signs into original phrases,like, "Please open. In doing so, she displayed displacement,though it's worth noting that the apes in both of these exampleswere using a human communication system,not one that appeared naturally in the wild. There are many other examples of sophisticated animal communication,such as in dolphins,which use whistles to identify age, location, names, and gender. They can also understand some grammarin a gestural language researchers use to communicate with them.
However, grammar is not seen in the dolphin's natural communication. While these communication systemsmay have some of the qualities of language we've identified,none display all four. Even Washoe and Coco's impressive abilities are still outpacedby the language skills of most three-year-old humans. And animals' topics of conversation are usually limited. Bees talk about food,prairie dogs talk about predators,and crabs talk about themselves. Human language stands alonedue to the powerful combination of grammar and productivity,on top of discreteness and displacement.
The human brain can take a finite number of elementsand create an infinite number of messages. We can craft and understand complex sentences,as well as words that have never been spoken before. We can use language to communicate about an endless range of subjects,talk about imaginary things,and even lie.
Research continues to reveal more and more about animal communication. It may turn out that human language and animal communicationaren't entirely different but exist on a continuum. After all, we are all animals. Podemos construir e entender frases complexas,assim como palavras que nunca antes foram ditas. Afinal, somos todos animais. Climate change explained in 60 seconds General field: A rise in sea leveldecreasing snow and ice cover in the northern hemisphereand a decline in sea ice in the Arctic. If emissions continue unchecked then further warming of 2.
Even at the low end. This would have serious implications for human societiesand the natural world. For more information about climate change from leading science academies,please visitroyalsociety. Maiores quantidades de gases de estufa na atmosferasignificam que mais calor fica preso a aquecer a Terra. How farming planted seeds for the Internet - Patricia Russac General field: Agriculture Source text - English 0: I've been leading polar expeditions for most of my adult life, and last month, my teammate Tarka L'Herpiniere and I finished the most ambitious expedition I've ever attempted.
In fact, it feels like I've been transported straight here from four months in the middle of nowhere, mostly grunting and swearing, straight to the TED stage. So you can imagine that's a transition that hasn't been entirely seamless. One of the interesting side effects seems to be that my short-term memory is entirely shot.
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So I've had to write some notes to avoid too much grunting and swearing in the next 17 minutes. This is the first talk I've given about this expedition, and while we weren't sequencing genomes or building space telescopes, this is a story about giving everything we had to achieve something that hadn't been done before.
So I hope in that you might find some food for thought. It's a fascinating place. It's a huge place. It's twice the size of Australia, a continent that is the same size as China and India put together. My husband and I did Antarctica with Lindblad for our anniversary. In the process, we broke the record for the longest human-powered polar journey in history by more than miles. Applause For those of you from the Bay Area, it was the same as walking from here to San Francisco, then turning around and walking back again. So as camping trips go, it was a long one, and one I've seen summarized most succinctly here on the hallowed pages of Business Insider Malaysia.
Of the nine people in history that had attempted this journey before us, none had made it to the pole and back, and five had died in the process. He led the last team to attempt this expedition. Scott and his rival Sir Ernest Shackleton, over the space of a decade, both led expeditions battling to become the first to reach the South Pole, to chart and map the interior of Antarctica, a place we knew less about, at the time, than the surface of the moon, because we could see the moon through telescopes.
Antarctica was, for the most part, a century ago, uncharted. Scott's last expedition, the Terra Nova Expedition in , started as a giant siege-style approach. He had a big team using ponies, using dogs, using petrol-driven tractors, dropping multiple, pre-positioned depots of food and fuel through which Scott's final team of five would travel to the Pole, where they would turn around and ski back to the coast again on foot.
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Scott and his final team of five arrived at the South Pole in January to find they had been beaten to it by a Norwegian team led by Roald Amundsen, who rode on dogsled. Scott's team ended up on foot. And for more than a century this journey has remained unfinished.
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Scott's team of five died on the return journey. And for the last decade, I've been asking myself why that is. How come this has remained the high-water mark? Scott's team covered 1, miles on foot. No one's come close to that ever since.
So this is the high-water mark of human endurance, human endeavor, human athletic achievement in arguably the harshest climate on Earth. It was as if the marathon record has remained unbroken since And of course some strange and predictable combination of curiosity, stubbornness, and probably hubris led me to thinking I might be the man to try to finish the job. Our sledges weighed kilos, or pounds each at the start, the same weights that the weakest of Scott's ponies pulled. Early on, we averaged 0. Perhaps the reason no one had attempted this journey until now, in more than a century, was that no one had been quite stupid enough to try.
And while I can't claim we were exploring in the genuine Edwardian sense of the word — we weren't naming any mountains or mapping any uncharted valleys — I think we were stepping into uncharted territory in a human sense. Certainly, if in the future we learn there is an area of the human brain that lights up when one curses oneself, I won't be at all surprised.
We didn't go indoors for nearly four months. We didn't see a sunset either. It was hour daylight. Living conditions were quite spartan.