One of the most popular destinations for gay tourists internationally, the city hosts San Francisco Pride , one of the largest and oldest pride parades. San Francisco Pride events have been held continuously since The events are themed and a new theme is created each year. In , over 1. The major daily newspaper in San Francisco is the San Francisco Chronicle , which is currently Northern California's most widely circulated newspaper.
The San Francisco Examiner , once the cornerstone of William Randolph Hearst 's media empire and the home of Ambrose Bierce , declined in circulation over the years and now takes the form of a free daily tabloid, under new ownership. San Francisco and 7x7 are major glossy magazines about San Francisco. The national newsmagazine Mother Jones is also based in San Francisco.
The city's oldest radio station, KCBS , began as an experimental station in San Jose in , before the beginning of commercial broadcasting.
The city's first television station was KPIX , which began broadcasting in All major U. The Pac Network is also based in San Francisco. Public broadcasting outlets include both a television station and a radio station , both broadcasting under the call letters KQED from a facility near the Potrero Hill neighborhood.
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San Francisco-based inventors made important contributions to modern media. During the s, Eadweard Muybridge began recording motion photographically and invented a zoopraxiscope with which to view his recordings. These were the first motion pictures. Then in , Philo Farnsworth 's image dissector camera tube transmitted its first image. This was the first television.
San Francisco's War Memorial and Performing Arts Center hosts some of the most enduring performing-arts companies in the country. The Fillmore is a music venue located in the Western Addition.
It is the second incarnation of the historic venue that gained fame in the s, housing the stage where now-famous musicians such as the Grateful Dead , Janis Joplin , Led Zeppelin and Jefferson Airplane first performed, fostering the San Francisco Sound. San Francisco has a large number of theaters and live performance venues.
Local theater companies have been noted for risk taking and innovation. It moved to its current building in the South of Market neighborhood in and attracted more than , visitors annually. The Palace of the Legion of Honor holds primarily European antiquities and works of art at its Lincoln Park building modeled after its Parisian namesake. Opposite the de Young stands the California Academy of Sciences , a natural history museum that also hosts the Morrison Planetarium and Steinhart Aquarium. Located on Pier 15 on the Embarcadero, the Exploratorium is an interactive science museum.
The Contemporary Jewish Museum is a non-collecting institution that hosts a broad array of temporary exhibitions. On Nob Hill, the Cable Car Museum is a working museum featuring the cable car power house, which drives the cables. Among the GGNRA's attractions within the city are Ocean Beach , which runs along the Pacific Ocean shoreline and is frequented by a vibrant surfing community, and Baker Beach , which is located in a cove west of the Golden Gate and part of the Presidio , a former military base. Also within the Presidio is Crissy Field , a former airfield that was restored to its natural salt marsh ecosystem.
Once covered in native grasses and sand dunes, the park was conceived in the s and was created by the extensive planting of thousands of non-native trees and plants.
Lake Merced is a fresh-water lake surrounded by parkland and near the San Francisco Zoo , a city-owned park that houses more than animal species, many of which are endangered. San Francisco is the first city in the U. The Giants play at Oracle Park , which opened in In , San Francisco was ranked No. The San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League NFL were the longest-tenured major professional sports franchise in the city until moving in The San Francisco Warriors played in the NBA from —, before being renamed the Golden State Warriors prior to the — season in an attempt to present the team as a representation of the whole state of California.
City & County of San Francisco
The Bay to Breakers footrace, held annually since , is best known for colorful costumes and a celebratory community spirit. Its private golf course has hosted the U. Open on five occasions. San Francisco hosted the America's Cup yacht racing competition. With an ideal climate for outdoor activities, San Francisco has ample resources and opportunities for amateur and participatory sports and recreation.
Boating, sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing are among the popular activities on San Francisco Bay, and the city maintains a yacht harbor in the Marina District. San Francisco—officially known as the City and County of San Francisco—is a consolidated city-county , a status it has held since the secession of what is now San Mateo County. The government of San Francisco is a charter city and is constituted of two co-equal branches: the executive branch is headed by the mayor and includes other citywide elected and appointed officials as well as the civil service; the member Board of Supervisors, the legislative branch, is headed by a president and is responsible for passing laws and budgets, though San Franciscans also make use of direct ballot initiatives to pass legislation.
The members of the Board of Supervisors are elected as representatives of specific districts within the city.
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In , Dianne Feinstein assumed the office following the assassination of George Moscone and was later selected by the board to finish the term. In , Edwin M. Lee was selected by the board to finish the term of Gavin Newsom , who resigned to take office as Lieutenant Governor of California. Because of its unique city-county status, local government exercises jurisdiction over property that would otherwise be located outside of its corporation limit. San Francisco also has a county jail complex located in San Mateo County, in an unincorporated area adjacent to San Bruno. San Francisco serves as the regional hub for many arms of the federal bureaucracy, including the U.
Until decommissioning in the early s, the city had major military installations at the Presidio , Treasure Island , and Hunters Point —a legacy still reflected in the annual celebration of Fleet Week. The State of California uses San Francisco as the home of the state supreme court and other state agencies. Foreign governments maintain more than seventy consulates in San Francisco. The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1, persons for each type of offense.
In , 50 murders were reported, which is 6. There were about 4, burglaries, 25, thefts, and 4, motor vehicle thefts. The Tenderloin also sees high rates of drug abuse, gang violence, and prostitution. In the first six months of there were 25 murders compared to 14 in the first six months of However, the murder rate is still much lower than in past decades. According to the San Francisco Police Department, there were 59 murders in the city in , an annual total that marked a None of the victims in this attack were gang members.
Five members of the Joe Boys gang were arrested and convicted of the crime. The San Francisco Police Department was founded in The San Francisco Fire Department provides both fire suppression and emergency medical services to the city. The city operates 22 public "pit stop" toilets. San Francisco participates in the Sister Cities program. The University of California, San Francisco is the sole campus of the University of California system entirely dedicated to graduate education in health and biomedical sciences.
It is ranked among the top five medical schools in the United States  and operates the UCSF Medical Center , which ranks as the number one hospital in California and the number 5 in the country. It contains research space and facilities to foster biotechnology and life sciences entrepreneurship and will double the size of UCSF's research enterprise. It has an enrollment of about , students and offers an extensive continuing education program.
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Founded in , the University of San Francisco , a private Jesuit university located on Lone Mountain , is the oldest institution of higher education in San Francisco and one of the oldest universities established west of the Mississippi River. With an enrollment of 13, students, the Academy of Art University is the largest institute of art and design in the nation. The California Culinary Academy , associated with the Le Cordon Bleu program, offers programs in the culinary arts, baking and pastry arts, and hospitality and restaurant management.
Lowell High School , the oldest public high school in the U. Public school students attend schools based on an assignment system rather than neighborhood proximity. San Francisco has nearly preschool programs primarily operated by Head Start , San Francisco Unified School District , private for-profit, private non-profit and family child care providers. Due to its unique geography, and the freeway revolts of the late s,  Interstate 80 begins at the approach to the Bay Bridge and is the only direct automobile link to the East Bay.
Route connects to the western terminus of Interstate 80 and provides access to the south of the city along San Francisco Bay toward Silicon Valley. Northward, the routing for U. State Route 1 also enters San Francisco from the north via the Golden Gate Bridge and bisects the city as the 19th Avenue arterial thoroughfare, joining with Interstate at the city's southern border. Interstate continues south from San Francisco, and also turns to the east along the southern edge of the city, terminating just south of the Bay Bridge in the South of Market neighborhood. After the Loma Prieta earthquake , city leaders demolished the Embarcadero Freeway and a portion of the Central Freeway , converting them into street-level boulevards.
State Route 35 enters the city from the south as Skyline Boulevard and terminates at its intersection with Highway 1. State Route 82 enters San Francisco from the south as Mission Street , and terminates shortly thereafter at its junction with Muni is the seventh-largest transit system in the United States, with ,, rides in Amtrak California Thruway Motorcoach runs a shuttle bus from three locations in San Francisco to its station across the bay in Emeryville.
San Francisco was an early adopter of carsharing in America.